It is situated above a tall, cathedral-like room often known as the Grand Gallery, and this newly discovered area is comparable in measurement — about 100 ft lengthy, in accordance with a report within the journal Nature.
That makes it a serious construction inside this royal tomb, which was constructed round 2500 B.C. and is taken into account to be one of many Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Yet till now, regardless of centuries of research, nobody knew this area was there.
“The romantic interpretation and what everyone wants to hear is that this is a hidden room and the king’s body is inside or there’s grave goods we didn’t know about or we’re going to learn more about history … and none of that is responsible speculation at the moment,” cautions Peter Der Manuelian, an Egyptologist at Harvard University who was not a part of the analysis workforce.
“All we know is that we have a void, we have a cavity, and it’s huge, which means possibly intentional and certainly worthy of further exploration,” Manuelian says, noting that it isn’t but clear whether or not it is a single chamber or multiple.
“In that sense it’s obviously frustrating,” he says. “On the other hand, as an architectural discovery, something we didn’t know about the interior of the Great Pyramid, it’s absolutely big news.”
Indeed, the group that made the discover stories that it’s the first vital inner construction discovered inside the Great Pyramid because the 19th century.
Mehdi Tayoubi, with the HIP Institute in Paris, explains that he and his colleagues needed to research the pyramid utilizing the perfect out there non-destructive analytical methods. They settled on a kind of imaging that includes muons, that are tiny particles, like electrons.
“What is strange, for me, is to use those very, very small particles for a huge monument like the pyramid,” says Tayoubi.
Muons are made when cosmic rays from deep area hit the atoms of the higher environment. These particles rain down and lose power as they move by means of supplies — just like the thick stones of the pyramid — and that makes them decelerate and decay. By putting muon detectors in strategic places, researchers can rely the variety of muons coming via and create a type of image that reveals whether or not the fabric above is dense, like stone, or an empty area.
Tayoubi explains that his staff put in sheets of muon-detecting movie in a lower-level room of the pyramid often known as the Queen’s Chamber. The objective was to check whether or not they might use muons to precisely discern two well-known rooms situated above: the King’s Chamber and Grand Gallery.
They noticed these rooms however, to their shock, they discovered a further giant area as nicely.
“The first reaction was a lot of excitement, but then we knew that it would take us a long, long time, that we needed to be very patient in this scientific process,” says Tayoubi.
Because they did not need to depend on only one technique, they confirmed the discover utilizing two different muon-detection methods.
“The good news is the void is there. Now we are sure that there is a void. We know that this void is big,” says Tayoubi. “I don’t know what it could be. I think it’s now time for Egyptologists and specialists in ancient Egypt architecture to collaborate with us, to provide us with some hypotheses.”
He’s considering whether or not small robots may by some means enter this area via tiny cracks or holes and supply extra info.
In the previous, earlier than the fashionable science of archaeology advanced, people typically blasted by way of partitions within the pyramids, says Manuelian.
“That’s the good thing about the muon project, there’s absolutely no damage to the pyramid at all,” says Manuelian. “I hope that, in collaboration with the Egyptian antiquities authorities, further exploration will be set in motion. The study of the pyramids has been going on for an awful long time. So any new contribution is always a welcome addition to our knowledge.”